Among the body’s largest joints, the hip is a ball and socket joint formed by part of the pelvis bone. The primary purpose of the hip is to support the weight of the body and to facilitate the movement of our lets.
Those suffering from intense hip pain, to the point that it disrupts their ability to move and rest, may wish to consider total hip replacement surgery. In the procedure known as the hip replacement, the damaged or injured part of the hip bone is removed and replaced with prosthetic parts. The impaired femoral head is replaced with a metal stem positioned in the hollow center of the femur. Then a metal or ceramic ball is placed on the stem’s upper part, after which the damaged cartilage surface of the socket is removed and replaced with a metal socket.
Hip Replacement and Hip Fracture
A hip fracture is defined, for all intents and purposes, as a broken bone. It can range in severity from a thin crack to a total break, and can run down the length of the bone or from left to right–or, for that matter, can afflict the bone in a number of locations. You can sustain fractures through falls, sports injuries, accidents, and other bodily traumas.
Fractures come in a number of varieties, including closed or simple (in which the bone does not break the skin) and open or compound (in which the broken bone actually tears the skin); and incomplete (in which the bone cracks but does not break) or complete (indicating a total break).
If surgery is required for a fractured hip, which is often the case in a compound or complex fractures, then the doctor may conduct open surgery to repair the afflicted hip bone. Alternately, a fractured hip could be repaired through arthroscopy (a procedure in which an illuminated instrument is used to inspect and, if needed, repair the hip).
Arthritis Diagnosis and Treatment Characterized by chronic joint inflammation, arthritis of the hip afflicts the patient with a level of pain, stiffness and general discomfort that can impede and disrupt daily activities.
Osteoarthritis, which afflicts more than 3 million people in the United States every year, stems from the degeneration of joint cartilages; that customary wear and tear that often affects aging bodies. Yet the arthritis patient does not have to live with the suffering; they can seek relief from a number of treatments and surgical options aimed toward easing and alleviating the effects of osteoarthritis.
Possible surgical remedies might include joint replacement by way of arthroplasty, hip resurfacing by way of metal capping, joint fusion, or the addition or removal of pieces of bone around the hip joint, to achieve enhanced joint stability above or below the hip joint to balance the weight better across the joint.